How to Tell If Your Estate Really Is Simple | Estate Plan Pros
Is Your Estate Simple or Complex


When dealing with the “wonderland” that is the legal system, you can find yourself falling down the rabbit hole.  When it comes to the question of whether your estate is “simple” or “complex” you’ll find that the answer has some curious and perhaps some surprising twists.

How big is your estate?

That is the obvious question, isn’t it? Yes, size can matter, particularly for estate tax planning, but the types of assets held, and who the beneficiaries can have a larger impact on the complexity of the estate plan.

It's not just what you say, it’s how you say it…

Take the story of Mr. Duke.  He created a “simple” will in 1984 that left everything to his wife, and if he and his wife did not die “at the same time” his estate would go to two charities.  His wife passed away in 2002, and Mr. Duke passed away in 2007 without changing his will.  His two surviving nephews, as his closest living relatives, claimed the estate and the charities objected, citing Mr. Duke’s intent to leave his estate to the two charities.  The case wound its way through the court system, eventually reaching the California Supreme Court.  That court in July 2015 issued its ruling giving Mr. Duke’s estate to the charities – eight years after Mr. Duke’s death.  Bad drafting on Mr. Duke’s part cost his intended beneficiaries (according to the California Supreme Court) eight years of expensive litigation, with victory far from certain for the charities.  

“Would you tell me, please, which way I ought to go from here?”
“That depends a good deal on where you want to get to.”
“I don't much care where –”
“Then it doesn't matter which way you go.” 

Lewis Carroll, Alice in Wonderland

It’s all about the money and other myths

Popular opinion states that greed is what drives family members to fight over an estate.  Yet, in my experience as an estate planning attorney, that isn’t necessarily the case.  As Liz Moyer noted in her Wall Street Journal Article, “When Heirs Collide”, one heir spent time and money pursuing a case of undue influence over his grandmother because he was “looking for the truth.”  Children and grandchildren are compelled to honor the wishes of the deceased and are willing to sacrifice a lot of time, money, and emotional energy to carry out those wishes.  To avoid protracted battles, you’ll need to make sure your wishes are clear, consistent, and expressed in a legally enforceable way. 

Complexity Quiz

To help give you an idea of where your estate is at on the complexity scale, I’ve prepared a free quiz.  You can start the quiz below.  

Answer a few questions to help you determine how complex your estate really is.  

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Erik Hartstrom

Erik is the founder of Estate Plan Pros, a leading estate planning practice in Elk Grove.  Erik’s practice focuses on Estate Planning Law. In Estate Planning, Erik works with clients to make the process simple, so clients can focus on more important things. He is a local authority for specialized estate planning instruments, like Special Needs Trust, Irrevocable Trusts, or other focused documents. Erik has litigated, negotiated, and mediated the gamut of family law cases. With this unique perspective as a family law and estate attorney he can often spot issues otherwise overlooked. Prior to graduating he worked as a legislative analyst for a non-profit organization, and volunteered as a youth counselor. Erik currently participates in local politics and is an active member of his local church. Erik is very happily married and has two young sons. Together, his family loves to get outdoors and enjoy the varied activities the Sacramento region has to offer.

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